Lincoln in the Bardo | Book Club / Book Club

25th July 2017

George Saunders

For this month’s TOAST Book Club we review Lincoln in the Bardo by George Saunders (winner of the 2017 Man Booker Prize). 

George Saunders is America’s master of the short story, and in his first full-length work of fiction he has daringly reinvented the narrative form. Lincoln In The Bardo constructs a novel out of a series of monologues and quotes, some only a few words long, which seamlessly weave factual accounts from the period with fictional narrative. Entertaining and audacious, this is a funny, poignant, thoughtful and outrageously inventive book, with history boldly leaping off each page.

Around him a chorus of ghosts look on, each refusing for their own reasons to cross over: this is the bardo, a Tibetan notion of a liminal place between life and death. As the novel unfolds, both we and Willie are treated to their stories: wealthy landowners, slaves, whores, downtrodden wives, dissolute young men – people of every station and colour. All have been wronged, neglected, overlooked or misunderstood, and as Willie soon discovers, ‘none was content.’

Principal among these are the novel’s two main narrators: Vollman and Bevins. The former has been cruelly snatched from late middle age just before consummating marriage with his much younger wife; the latter has been betrayed by his male lover for another, so slits his wrists, only to instantly regret his rashness. Like dozens of others, both haunt the graveyard in the mistaken belief that they will somehow be allowed to re-inhabit their former lives.

Young Willie is laid to rest on the day that news arrives of the Union victory at Fort Donelson, with casualties of more than a thousand soldiers, ‘the dead heaped and piled like threshed wheat.’ Late that night, Vollman and Bevins watch as Lincoln arrives alone astride a horse ‘far too small for him’ and requests entry to the crypt from the watchman. Overcome with emotion, Lincoln pries open the casket to hold Willie’s body one last time.

Moved by his father’s grief, the departed spirit of the boy wills himself back into his corpse so that he can rest once more in his father’s arms. The anguished Lincoln wrestles with his conscience, wondering whether such an act is ‘unholy’, and concludes that this ‘secret bit of weakness shores’ him up, making it more likely that he ‘will do his duty in other matters.’ When Lincoln finally tears himself away, he promises he will return again soon.

And therein lies the problem: children in the bardo are not treated the same as adults, unable to escape, condemned instead to an eternity of suffering. So Vollmans and Bevin must persuade young Willie that he must ignore his father’s promise and cross over quickly into death, something they themselves have not been brave enough to do.

Saunders is well-known in America for ‘slipstream’ writing: that which incorporates fantastical elements into otherwise realist fiction; he has said that the blending of real and surreal enables him to ‘hone in’ on emotional truths. The question of truth lies at the heart of this novel: over the course of its pages Saunders ranges freely across issues of family, conscience, race, morality, belief, life and death. But ultimately it is young Willie who must guide Bevins and Vollman to the realisation that while suffering lies at the core of all human existence, grief must not become their master.lincolninthebardo

The TOAST Book Club is published on the last Friday of every month. The reviews are written by Betsy Tobin. Betsy is the author of five novels and joint founder of Ink@84an independent bookshop just up the road from our head office, situated in leafy Highbury. The book club exists in a purely digital space and we hope that you will add your own opinions and thoughts below. All who comment will be entered into a prize draw to win one of two signed copies of Lincoln in the Bardo. Winners will be announced on 14th February.  

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  • I’m just starting on the audio book as they cast some great actors to do the reading. I would love to read along with the book as I go.

  • I have heard such wonderful things about this book and can’t wait to read.

  • Excited this is out in paperback – can’t wait to read it! Big love for the Toast bookclub too xx

  • This has been on my to-read Wishlist for functional books after reading his other Folio Award winning book of short stories; The Tenth Of December. Even in his short stories he has a unique ability to capture emotions and truth which takes me on an amazing journey, I cannot wait to read a longer tale. This one will be ticked off the list this year for sure. Great recommendation Toast!

    • Congratulations Millicent. You have been chosen as a one of our signed copy winners! We will be in contact directly to arrange delivery. Regards, TOAST

  • this book has been on my reading list for such a long time – so this would be perfection!

    so far i read quite a few toast-bookclub-books and enjoyed your reviews a lot! thank you for introducing me to some real treasures!

  • One of my absolute favorite books! I fell in love with Saunder’s short stories only to be blown away by his first full length novel. Would be honored to have a signed copy!

    • Congratulations Amber. You have been chosen as a one of our signed copy winners! We will be in contact directly to arrange delivery. Regards, TOAST

  • This book is on my list of books to read as it has had such amazing reader reviews (not just from the critics), and it would be wonderful to have a signed copy.

  • Have been meaning to read it, have heard good things!

  • Miriam Homem de Mello

    Seems interesting. Would love to read 😉

  • Fran in Cleveland

    Thank you for your reviews and discussion. Quoting you in our discussion of this book at our meeting tomorrow night! Does anyone know the title of the recent novel about the woman whose job is to visit and rate assisted living facilities. Saw review in the paper and want to read it.

  • Margaret Thomas

    I listened to the book in audio form a few weeks ago and looked to this page to refresh my memory for a group discussion today. So many characters, whose names I don’t remember. but Vollman and Bevins come back to mind as ones with more detailed stories. I liked the quotes from historic books and articles that described life and events of the time of Willie’s death.

  • Jo Loring-Fisher

    Sounds curious! I shall go on the hunt for it! Absolutely loved the previous recommendations of Hotel du Lac, and went on to read another Anita Brookner, and thoroughly enjoyed my re-read of The Summer Book

  • Can’t wait to read this book. Also I love the cover art. Nothing is better than a book that not only sounds like a great read but is pretty to boot.

  • Sounds really interesting, with an unusual format, I will see if my book club would like to read it.

  • This is an extraordinary book, quite different from anything I have read before. It is sometimes gloriously chaotic with the craziness of so many conversations but it also has the most wonderfully quiet and ethereal feel. As a mother who has lost a young child I thought this book might be an unwise choice for me, but it wasn’t, I loved it.

  • Maureen Garratt Simpson

    Am delighted to have discovered the book club….and am already enjoying a previous recommendation ‘Mirror, Shoulder, Signal…and have the Saunders lined up.

  • I have a desperate desire to deliver myself from the tedium of television and resume the delightfully, private, enchantment of reading. So I salute thee, Toast, for exciting my imagination with the temptation of enjoyable literature to woo and delight me.

  • Wow, I have been looking for a summer read and this looks perfect!

  • Have read a lot of about Lincoln and his grief so cant wait to read this fascinating book

  • This sounds absolutely stunning.I love the breadth and depth of ideas and emotions promised in this review. Will have to actively seek it out!

  • Alison Mary Smith

    I wait in eager anticipation each month to read the toast book club email. I don’t always manage to read the relevant book but always WANT to. So enticing are the wonderfully persuasive reviews.
    I am definitely going to read this one.
    Thank you

  • I have always followed toast’s book club suggestions, so I will buy this book upon arrival of my next pay cheque:-)

  • Oh, this is interesting! I’ve had this book on my Kindle for a while now and you have given me the incentive to read it as soon as I have finished the current one.

  • I’m a big fan of Saunders’ short stories, yet worried that the premise of this book (a grieving Lincoln visiting his son’s body in its mausoleum) would be too much of a stretch. But Saunders is so deft and inventive in telling the story – snatches of actual accounts from the time, interwoven with the fantastical stories of the spirits of the dead boy and all the others not yet ready to leave the cemetery limbo – in no time you are completely in this world. It is all mind-poppingly strange – and yet completely lucid on the process of grieving and the many ways in which lives go restless and unfulfilled.

  • Thank you for introducing me to this incredible book; this’ll be the second book I’ve bought thanks to the TOAST Book Club, with the delightful The Summer Book by Tove Jansson being the first 🙂